Fragrance 101: Understanding Notes, Names & more
Heart notes, base notes, parfum, cologne. So many descriptors, but what do they all mean? Check out our quick fragrance facts below and educate yourself in the finer art of finding and sampling fragrances.
What does EDP and EDT mean?
Once you’ve found a few fragrances that you like, you need to understand what options the sales assistant is showing you.
Here’s what you need to know: ranked from the strongest, longer-lasting to the lightest and most evanescent, perfumes can be divided in Parfum, Eau de Parfum, Eau de Toilette and Eau de Cologne. Parfum is the most expensive as the richest in terms of fragrant oils and of concentration of costly ingredients.
Fragrance Boutique perfumes are all high quality and only come as eau de parfums. This means they keep their scent for a whole day. EDT (eau de toilette) only lasts up to three to four hours.
Understanding the pyramid
While you are shopping, the sales assistant might tell you about the notes of the perfume. Here’s what it means:
- Base notes – Like cooking, you put your strongest flavours (or scents) in first. They last the longest and have heavy spice elements that tie the fragrance together.
- Middle / heart notes – Think of middle notes as the backbone of a fragrance. These are the notes that most people will remember the ‘style’ of a scent by.
- Top notes – The most important thing to remember about top notes, is that they evaporate the fastest. Top notes are usually bright, engaging, and refreshing citrus or aromatic notes that evaporate quite quickly and serve as cheerful introductions to the bolder scents below in the Scent Pyramid.